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01/03/2024

Central Balkan National Park Directorate announces a national photo contest under the title "Me and the Balkans".

Central Balkan National Park Directorate announces a national photo contest

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14/02/2024

The Bear, known or not?

This topic was discussed with the children from the Hristo G. Danov elementary school in the town of Klisura. The topic is part of the 2024 Central Balkan National Park educational program.

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09/02/2024

A Central Balkan National Park Directorate expert visited the children of the fine arts school at the Razvitie - 1870 community centre of the town of Sevlievo.

Fifteen children of different ages actively participated in discussions about the importance of plants in nature and rules of behavior when visiting and staying in protected areas.

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31/01/2024

On January 30, Park Directorate employees visited the Community Support center in the town of Karlovo, a social service for children and families at risk.

There they demonstrated equipment with which the Park raingers and the Park Directorate use in their daily official duties and tasks for the protection and preservation of biological diversity on the territory of the Cеntral Balkan National Park.

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Biosphere Reserve

Central Balkan Biosphere Reserve is situated in the most central part of Bulgaria, inextricably connected to the highest part of Stara Planina (Balkan Range). It has an area of over 369,000 hectares and includes the Central Balkan National Park, along with the nine reserves located therein and the territories of 5 of the neighbouring municipalities.

The BR originates from four smaller biosphere reserves included in the MAB program in 1977. These are the strict natural reserves of Boatin, Tsarichina, Steneto and Dzhendema. In 2017, these biosphere reserves were transformed, expanded and renamed to create Central Balkan – Biosphere Reserve, meeting the requirements and principles of Seville's strategy.

Part of the territory of the Central Balkan Biosphere Reserve is a National Park with the same name. It was declared in 1991 and corresponds with the Category II of the IUCN Protected Area Category System.

There are three zones in the BR:
  • Core zone – includes the nine strict natural reserves of Boatin, Tsarichina, Kozya stena, Steneto, Severen Dzhendem, Peeshti skali, Sokolna, Dzhendema and Stara Reka within the boundariae of the national park;
  • Buffer zone – covers the entire territory of the park outside the reserves in it;
  • Transition zone – the territories of the municipalities bordering the National Park – Troyan, Sevlievo, Pavel Banya, Karlovo and Anton.
The region of Central Balkan is one of the most significant natural centres for the protection of biodiversity and wildlife in Europe. It is characterised by significant landscape diversity.
CBNP (the core and buffer zones of the biosphere reserve) is one of the most important ecological corridors in the South Eastern Europe, supporting genetic exchange, distribution and connections between species from the Carpathians and other mountains in Eastern Europe, the southern parts of the Balkan Peninsula and Asia Minor.
The grasslands are distributed mainly in the upper subalpine and alpine treeless areas in the park. Under the 8 centuries of intensive grazing’s influence (including annual burning of bushes and trees) on the ridge parts of the park have formed extensive grassland communities.
Beech forests cover approximately 60 000 ha of the CBBR and are one of the biggest compact, relatively unchanged by men massifs in Europe. The dominant species is the common beech. Average age of the beech communities in the core and buffer zones of the biosphere reserve is 135 years, including some vital forests aged 240. Coniferous woods have limited size and are vastly dominated by the Norway spruce. The region is the northernmost point in the world and the only one in Stara Planina where the Balkan endemic Macedonian pine is growing naturally.

CBBR presents the opportunities for sustainable development through sustainable tourism, presenting historical and archaeological sites, architectural landmarks and preserved traditional crafts (wood-carving, icon-painting, leather-processing, weaving, pottery, coppersmith), enhance trading with local traditional products (home-made production of cheese, milk, rakia (Bulgarian brandy), wine, jams and other conserved food), as well as cultural festivals and gastronomic tourism and exchange of experience with other BR. The BR represents a framework for the sustainable development of the region.
The BR has a collective management body – an Advisory Council that plans and coordinates activities with the participation of all stakeholders.

Биосферен парк „Централен Балкан“