The Central Balkan Park was declared with Order No 843/31 October 1991 of the Minister of Environment as People's Park with an area of 71,669.5 ha (Annex No 1.1.1.). It has been re-categorised as a National Park with Order No RD/15.10.1999 of the Minister of Environment and Water (Annex No 1.1.2.).
By Order 62/15. 02. 1996, the Committee of Forests established the Central Balkan People’s Park Management Department with its main office in Troyan, and another office in the town of Karlovo. According to the same order, the Forestry Enterprises “shall organize and carry out the guarding, protection, management, and reproduction of the natural resources of the forest fund. The People's Park Management Department, in Troyan, was closed on February 15, 1999.
With Order RD-252/11.06.1996 the Ministry of Environment created the Central Balkan People’s Park Regional Environmental Inspectorate on July 15, 1996, with headquarters in the town of Gabrovo. It became operational on October 8th 1996.
Subsequently, by Order RD-155/05.14.1997, the Minister of Environment and Waters has transformed the Inspectorate in the Department of the Central Balkan People’s Park with the Veliko Tarnovo Regional Inspectorate for Environment. Order No. RD-506/29.12.1998 of the Minister of EW the Department for the Central Balkan People’s Park with the Veliko Tarnovo Regional Inspectorate for Environment was abolished.
CBNPD has been established pursuant to Article 46, Paragraph 1 pt. 2 and Article 49 of the PAA with Order No RD-506/29. 12. 1998 - Annex No 1.5.1. (Amended with Order No RD75/03.02.2006, the Annex No 1.5.2.) of the Minister of Environment and Water, as an independent legal body under the direct authority of the Ministry of Environment and Water with headquarters in the town of Gabrovo.
In 2006, the CBNPD was delegated the management of two protected areas outside the park – the Elenova Gora Reserve within the territory of Skobelevo Village (Pavel Banya Municipality) and Chamdzha Managed Reserve within the territory of Hristo Danovo Village (Karlovo Municipality).
In 2008, resulting from the use of more accurate methods for defining the territory of the Central Balkan Protected Zone as part of the Natura 2000 network, the area was calculated to be 72,021.1 ha).