One hundred and sixty-six medicinal plant species have been identified in the Central Balkan National Park, representing three-fourths of all medicinal plants widely used in alternative medicine. Particularly common species include thyme, St. John’s wort, raspberry, wild strawberry, eyebright, common speedwell, cowslip, and mouse-ear hawkweed. Hazelbush, ramsons, common geranium, and woodruff-asperule flourish in wooded areas. Mullein, broad- and narrow-leaf plantain, nettle, milfoil, common tansy, and common wormwood are found in high mountain pastures and along trails, chalets, lodges, shelters, and other areas of increased human presence.
|Siberian juniper, black and cranberry are common species in the subalpine zone|
Endangered and Protected Species
The Bulgarian Red Data Book lists 22 species of medicinal plants in the Park. Of these, four are endangered in Bulgaria, while 18 are rare. Another 16 species are under special restrictions regarding management and use.
To ensure the sustainable use of medicinal plant resources for future generations, i.e., to keep them available for extraction without endangering their locations or depleting their stocks, certain rules and restrictions are enforced. Medicinal plants can be gathered for personal use under approved regulations and standards, while commercial extraction is only allowed within the Multifunctional Zone.