The Central Balkan National Park has an exceptional wealth and diversity of plants. More then half of the plant species and subspecies in Bulgaria (Bulgarian flora include around 4000 species) have been identified within its boundaries. Of these, 10 species and 2 subspecies can only be found in the Central Balkan National Park. A total of 697 species of the plants have been identified in nine representative sampling grounds around the Park. In the high-mountain treeless zone alone, there are 676 higher plant species, including cereal grasses, lady’s mantles , campanulas, communities of Bruckenthalia spiculifolia, bear berry, bilberries.
|There are 9 locally endemic, 10 nationally endemic, and 67 regionally endemic (Balkan Peninsula) species within the Park. Thirty species are protected under Bulgarian law (edelweiss, snowdrop, yellow moutain lily, Stara planina primrose), 81 are listed in the Red Book of Bulgaria, 9 on the European Red List, and 10 are globally endangered (according to the World Conservation Union (IUCN)). Examples include the Transylvanian campanula, starry lady’s mantle, Kerner’s Thistle, and Stefchov’s stonecrop.|
The Central Balkan National Park contains 49 types of habitats—24 are of high conservation significance according to the CORINE classification. The Park is instrumental in protecting endangered, rare, and protected plant species.