According to the Central Balkan National Park Management plan, Road Kalofer town - Panitsite locality - Botev Peak is with restricted access of until 10 motor vehicles per day and it is allowed only in the weekend (Saturday and Sunday) and thought the Bulgarian official rest days from the 1st of June to the 15th of September.Read more >>
On the afternoon of July 28, a signal was given for smoke in the area of the road from the Beklemeto resort complex to the Chuchul chalet. The signal was given by Stoyan Zagorchev – a livestock owner from the village of Hristo Danovo (Karlovo municipality) and a user of pasture area on the territory of the Central Balkan National Park.Read more >>
For the second year the Central Balkan National Park Directorate, in partnership with the Natural History Museum and the Vasil Levski School of Mountain Guides in the village of Cherni Osam, is organizing a children's holiday dedicated to World Ranger Day – July 31.Read more >>
An annual plan for the use of medicinal plants in Central Balkan National Park, 2020 has been approvedRead more >>
The Central Balkan National Park Directorate organizes free guided tours in the beech forests, part of a serial site on the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List. Three visits are planned in 2021 and three in 2022. They will be of varying difficulty - low, medium and high. The aim is to enable a wider range of people to touch corners of Bulgarian nature that have received international recognition.Read more >>
In the implementation of some of the activities under the project "Creating a comprehensive brand of Central Balkan Biosphere Reserve ", funded by the UNESCO Participation Program, Central Balkan National Park Directorate announces a competition for a graphic sign (logo) of the Biosphere Reserve.Read more >>
The project will develop a recognizable brand of the expanded and renamed in 2017 Biosphere Reserve. The brand will contribute to the identification of local products and services, as well as to distinguish them from their counterparts on the market.Read more >>
The plan outlines the procedures for determining the quantities of mushrooms and wild fruits other than medicinal plants allowed for collection. The quantities are provided in order to ensure environmentally-friendly livelihoods of the population through successful practices to ensure timely implementation of the seasonal campaign for the use of these resources, creating conditions for the development of environmentally friendly livelihoods of the local population.Read more >>
Based on Art. 60 of the Protected Areas Act, the Central Balkan National Park Directorate organized a public discussion of the implementation of the Мanagement plan of the Central Balkan National Park. The event will take place on July 28, 2021 from 11.00 am in the Art Gallery "Hristo Tsokev" in Gabrovo, in compliance with the current temporary anti-epidemic measures.Read more >>
By order of the Director of the Central Balkan National Park from June 23 to December 31, 2021, the movement, stay and parking of vehicles on the road Beklemeto locality - Dermenka hut due to repairs. This is a road with free access, according to the Management Plan of tCentral Balkan National Park 2016 - 2025.Read more >>
The marking represents two horizontal stripes - white and red. It is placed to be visible when entering the protected area.Read more >>
Rehabilitation activities are carried out within the Contract under the project "Restoration and protection of natural habitats and species in Central Balkan National Park", funded by the Operational Program "Environment 2014 - 2020".Read more >>
Fifty-six percent of the Central Balkan National Park is forested. However, the Park forests account for only one percent of all Bulgarian forests. They are almost evenly distributed between the southern and northern side of the mountain ridge. Of the forests within the Park, 97% are natural, and 99% originate from seed. The average age of a forest in Central Balkan National Park is 111 years; the broadleaf forests average 121 years.
Biodiversity plays an important role in forest ecosystems. Stability is vital to their resilience and resistance to outside factors. The hundred-year-old beeches, sycamores, firs, and spruces provide an optimal environment for hundreds of species of animals, fungi, and microorganisms. The two essential elements air and water, depend on the size and condition of forests. They are critical to the survival of a group of rare species, endangered on a European scale: the white-backed woodpecker, imperial and the golden eagles, bear, wolf, marten, wild cat, Ural owl, hazel hen, and bats.
Central Balkan National Park forests are essential to maintaining the ecological balance and preserving wildlife and biodiversity. Seventeen of the forest habitats identified in the Park are included on the European List of Habitats Subject to Special Protection under the European Union Directive on Habitats.
Park forests are valuable sources of natural resources (wild fruits and mushrooms); natural defenses against floods, soil erosion, and avalanches; offer excellent opportunities for rest and recreation; and are invariably beautiful.
Forest Vegetation Zones
The Park consists of six vegetation zones, four of which constitute the forest environment: the draught-resistant, thermophilic oak forest zone; the oak and hornbeam forest zone (adapted to moderate humidity conditions); the beech zone; and the coniferous zone.
· The draught-resistant, thermophilic oak forest zone occupies the lowest reaches of the forest on the southern mountainside, at altitudes of 550-650 meters above sea level, or at 800-900 meters above sea level in dry and exposed areas. The forest communities consist mostly of cerris, Italian oak, and pubescent oak. Secondary communities of oriental hornbeam have overrun areas that were once oak forests but have been cleared. Other species within this zone include hornbeam, linden, hazel, sycamore, and chestnut trees. Compact communities of red and savin juniper flourish here. Many species are either endemic (of limited geographic distribution) or relict (characteristic of bygone geological eras).
· The common durmast and common and oriental hornbeams make up the oak and hornbeam forest zone that has adapted to moderate humidity conditions. This zone dwells in altitudes up to 800-900 meters above sea level, and covers more shaded and humid areas, primarily on the southern mountain slopes. Other species within this zone include the flowering ash, linden, and hornbeam.
· At the boundary of the beech zone, there are specimens of common fir, which make up about 6% of all forests in the Park. Over 80% of all common fir forests are 100 years old or older.
· The coniferous forests are scattered in separate locations and do not form an uninterrupted, clearly defined zone. The most common homogenous coniferous community within the Park is the spruce.
· Beech Forests
Beech forests thrive in the Balkan Range, and the best-preserved and most magnificent Bulgarian beech forests are in Central Balkan National Park. They make up three-fourths of the entire wooded area within the Park while representing about 7% of all beech forests in Bulgaria. In the Stara Reka, Peeshti Skali, Severen Djendem and Boatin nature reserves, beech forests occupy 1,000 hectares, and 3,000 hectares in the Steneto and Tsarichina reserves. The Park beech forests, along with those in surrounding territories, cover an aggregate 60,000 hectares, representing the largest block of uninterrupted beech forests in Europe.
The beech trees in the Park are at an average age of 135 years, and the forest range between 800 and 1,600 meters above sea level.