The Annual Plan is approved with an order of the Park`s Director.Read more >>
The center for a one-day rest is located in Troyan Park Section, close to the Haydushka pesen hut. It is called 'Kozya stena", by the name of the Kozya stena Reserve. The recreation center has an interpretative part, information signs, outdoor classroom and benches.Read more >>
Employees of the Park Directorate participated in the campaign "Let's clean Bulgaria together" with collecting of household waste and refreshment of visitor infrastructure.Read more >>
Relevant Measures to Prevent the Spread of African Swine Fever in the area of Central Balkan National ParkRead more >>
The Central Balkan National Park Directorate has concluded a contract for the implementation of Activity 6 "Conservation of Treeless Natural Habitats by Repair and Restoration of the Road Beklemeto - Dermenka Hut".Read more >>
The Uzunbudzak Biosphere Reserve covers a considerable part of the Strandja Mountain (over 78,400 ha). It is one of the most interesting and rich biodiversity regions in Bulgaria and Europe. Its territory is a natural transition between the vegetation, flora and fauna of Europe and Asia because of the terrestrial connection that existed until about 7,500 years ago at the site of the present-day Bosphorus Strait. The flora of the biosphere reserve is characterized by a large number of species that were widespread during the Tertiary (Tertiary relics). The wildlife is also remarkable for its great diversity of species. The populations of many of them are of global, European and national importance.Read more >>
The closing session of the Summer University under the UNESCO program "Man and the Biosphere" was held at the Information and Cultural Center of Troyan on the 26th of July. The event was opened with a greeting from the deputy Mayor of Troyan municipality - Bistra Cholakova.Read more >>
The fifth edition of the International initiative was opened on July 22nd in the hall of the Municipality of Karlovo with welcome notes by the deputy mayor of the Municipality of Karlovo Stoyko Karagenski, the Director of the National Nature Protection Service of the MOEW Miroslav Kalugerov, the Permanent Representation of UNESCO in Bulgaria Hristo Georgiev, Director of Central Balkan National Park Gencho Iliev, the Executive director of the Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation Rumyana Ivanova and proff. Michael Scoullos from the Greek National Committee of Man and the Biosphere Program of UNESCO. All of them greeted the young professionals from around the world who will be studying for a week on topics related to the successful development of biosphere reserves.Read more >>
Fifty-six percent of the Central Balkan National Park is forested. However, the Park forests account for only one percent of all Bulgarian forests. They are almost evenly distributed between the southern and northern side of the mountain ridge. Of the forests within the Park, 97% are natural, and 99% originate from seed. The average age of a forest in Central Balkan National Park is 111 years; the broadleaf forests average 121 years.
Biodiversity plays an important role in forest ecosystems. Stability is vital to their resilience and resistance to outside factors. The hundred-year-old beeches, sycamores, firs, and spruces provide an optimal environment for hundreds of species of animals, fungi, and microorganisms. The two essential elements air and water, depend on the size and condition of forests. They are critical to the survival of a group of rare species, endangered on a European scale: the white-backed woodpecker, imperial and the golden eagles, bear, wolf, marten, wild cat, Ural owl, hazel hen, and bats.
Central Balkan National Park forests are essential to maintaining the ecological balance and preserving wildlife and biodiversity. Seventeen of the forest habitats identified in the Park are included on the European List of Habitats Subject to Special Protection under the European Union Directive on Habitats.
Park forests are valuable sources of natural resources (wild fruits and mushrooms); natural defenses against floods, soil erosion, and avalanches; offer excellent opportunities for rest and recreation; and are invariably beautiful.
Forest Vegetation Zones
The Park consists of six vegetation zones, four of which constitute the forest environment: the draught-resistant, thermophilic oak forest zone; the oak and hornbeam forest zone (adapted to moderate humidity conditions); the beech zone; and the coniferous zone.
· The draught-resistant, thermophilic oak forest zone occupies the lowest reaches of the forest on the southern mountainside, at altitudes of 550-650 meters above sea level, or at 800-900 meters above sea level in dry and exposed areas. The forest communities consist mostly of cerris, Italian oak, and pubescent oak. Secondary communities of oriental hornbeam have overrun areas that were once oak forests but have been cleared. Other species within this zone include hornbeam, linden, hazel, sycamore, and chestnut trees. Compact communities of red and savin juniper flourish here. Many species are either endemic (of limited geographic distribution) or relict (characteristic of bygone geological eras).
· The common durmast and common and oriental hornbeams make up the oak and hornbeam forest zone that has adapted to moderate humidity conditions. This zone dwells in altitudes up to 800-900 meters above sea level, and covers more shaded and humid areas, primarily on the southern mountain slopes. Other species within this zone include the flowering ash, linden, and hornbeam.
· At the boundary of the beech zone, there are specimens of common fir, which make up about 6% of all forests in the Park. Over 80% of all common fir forests are 100 years old or older.
· The coniferous forests are scattered in separate locations and do not form an uninterrupted, clearly defined zone. The most common homogenous coniferous community within the Park is the spruce.
· Beech Forests
Beech forests thrive in the Balkan Range, and the best-preserved and most magnificent Bulgarian beech forests are in Central Balkan National Park. They make up three-fourths of the entire wooded area within the Park while representing about 7% of all beech forests in Bulgaria. In the Stara Reka, Peeshti Skali, Severen Djendem and Boatin nature reserves, beech forests occupy 1,000 hectares, and 3,000 hectares in the Steneto and Tsarichina reserves. The Park beech forests, along with those in surrounding territories, cover an aggregate 60,000 hectares, representing the largest block of uninterrupted beech forests in Europe.
The beech trees in the Park are at an average age of 135 years, and the forest range between 800 and 1,600 meters above sea level.