On the occasion of The Saint Andrew's Day (The Bear Day) on November 30, employees of the Parks Directorate visited Vasil Levskihigh school in the town of Apriltsi and delivered a lesson in the form of a talk about the brown bear. The school's 3rd grade children took part in the activity.Read more >>
After a complete repair in September and October this year of the Byala Reka eco-trail its official opening became a fact. The event was attended by the Deputy Minister of Environment and Water Nikolay Sidzhimov, the Mayor of Kalofer Dragomir Boev, the Deputy Mayor of Karlovo Municipality Anton Minev, experts from the Ministry of Environment and Water and the Central Balkan National Park Directorate and partners.Read more >>
Оn the occasion of St. Andrew's Day, the Park Directorate received a gift - a collage on the theme "The bear, known or unknown"
Today, the Orthodox Church honors the memory of St. Apostle Andrew the First-Called, who was the first of the apostles to be called to follow Christ.Read more >>
The Green Olympics 2023 - the educational eco-initiative with the support of the Ministry of Education and Culture - is starting
The initiative has been organized since 2011 by Akademika BG and is annually supported by the Ministry of Environment and Water. The platform is active for registration and test solving from today, November 10, 2023 to December 10, 2023. The winners will be announced on December 14, 2023.Read more >>
The 3rd of November has been designated as the International Day of Biosphere Reserves in 2021 by a Decision of the UNESCO General Conference.Read more >>
Today marks the 32nd anniversary of the declaration of the Central Balkan National Park.Read more >>
The events took place on October 20 in the village of Anton and on October 21 in the town of Karlovo under the title Central Balkan Biosphere Reserve - Common future for people and nature. The places are not chosen randomly, because the two settlements are administrative centers in two of the five municipalities of the transition zone of the Biosphere Reserve.Read more >>
On Saturday (October 7) in the space in front of the Tourist Information Center of the city of Troyan, the second festival event took place under the title "Common Future for People and Nature", organized by the Central Balkan National Park Directorate, supported by the Municipality of Troyan.Read more >>
Celebrated annually on October 4, World Animal Day is a global social movement that aims to improve animal welfare standards. This momentous day sees the coming together of individuals, animal welfare organizations and the wider community, all working towards a common goal – better protection and care for all animal species that inhabit our planet.Read more >>
On Sunday (October 1) in the central city square in the city of Sevlievo, the festival event under the title "Common Future for People and Nature", organized by Central Balkan National Park Directorate, supported by Sevlievo Municipality.Read more >>
The Central Balkan National Park Directorate celebrates 40 years since the declaration of the Severen Dzhendem reserve.Read more >>
Today, September 30, one of the reserves in the Central Balkan" National Park - Severen Jendem turns 40 years since its announcement.Read more >>
And this year, in support of the initiative "Let's clean up Bulgaria in one day, employees of the Central Balkan National Park Directorate" and volunteers cleaned parts of the Park's visitor infrastructure.Read more >>
In connection with the 40th anniversary of the declaration of the "Northern Jendem" reserve, the "Central Balkan National Park" Directorate announces a competition for children's drawing, under the title "Four seasons in the Central Balkan".Read more >>
The movement, stay and parking of motor vehicles is temporarily restricted on the road Troyanski prohod - Dermenka hut in the National Park
Restricted access is introduced on road No. 12 Troyanski prohod locality - Dermenka hut for visitors to the NPCB with motor vehicles (including ATVs and UTVs of all classes) for the purpose of tourism, allowing the movement of up to 10 motor vehicles per day, only on Saturdays, Sundays and public holidays.Read more >>
The road rehabilitated under the Operational Program "Environment" from the Beklemeto area to the Dermenka hut was officially opened
On August 10, a ceremony was held for the official opening of the road that connects the high mountain pass "Beklemeto" with the "Dermenka" hut in the "Central Balkan" National Park.Read more >>
Fifty-six percent of the Central Balkan National Park is forested. However, the Park forests account for only one percent of all Bulgarian forests. They are almost evenly distributed between the southern and northern side of the mountain ridge. Of the forests within the Park, 97% are natural, and 99% originate from seed. The average age of a forest in Central Balkan National Park is 111 years; the broadleaf forests average 121 years.
Biodiversity plays an important role in forest ecosystems. Stability is vital to their resilience and resistance to outside factors. The hundred-year-old beeches, sycamores, firs, and spruces provide an optimal environment for hundreds of species of animals, fungi, and microorganisms. The two essential elements air and water, depend on the size and condition of forests. They are critical to the survival of a group of rare species, endangered on a European scale: the white-backed woodpecker, imperial and the golden eagles, bear, wolf, marten, wild cat, Ural owl, hazel hen, and bats.
Central Balkan National Park forests are essential to maintaining the ecological balance and preserving wildlife and biodiversity. Seventeen of the forest habitats identified in the Park are included on the European List of Habitats Subject to Special Protection under the European Union Directive on Habitats.
Park forests are valuable sources of natural resources (wild fruits and mushrooms); natural defenses against floods, soil erosion, and avalanches; offer excellent opportunities for rest and recreation; and are invariably beautiful.
Forest Vegetation Zones
The Park consists of six vegetation zones, four of which constitute the forest environment: the draught-resistant, thermophilic oak forest zone; the oak and hornbeam forest zone (adapted to moderate humidity conditions); the beech zone; and the coniferous zone.
· The draught-resistant, thermophilic oak forest zone occupies the lowest reaches of the forest on the southern mountainside, at altitudes of 550-650 meters above sea level, or at 800-900 meters above sea level in dry and exposed areas. The forest communities consist mostly of cerris, Italian oak, and pubescent oak. Secondary communities of oriental hornbeam have overrun areas that were once oak forests but have been cleared. Other species within this zone include hornbeam, linden, hazel, sycamore, and chestnut trees. Compact communities of red and savin juniper flourish here. Many species are either endemic (of limited geographic distribution) or relict (characteristic of bygone geological eras).
· The common durmast and common and oriental hornbeams make up the oak and hornbeam forest zone that has adapted to moderate humidity conditions. This zone dwells in altitudes up to 800-900 meters above sea level, and covers more shaded and humid areas, primarily on the southern mountain slopes. Other species within this zone include the flowering ash, linden, and hornbeam.
· At the boundary of the beech zone, there are specimens of common fir, which make up about 6% of all forests in the Park. Over 80% of all common fir forests are 100 years old or older.
· The coniferous forests are scattered in separate locations and do not form an uninterrupted, clearly defined zone. The most common homogenous coniferous community within the Park is the spruce.
· Beech Forests
Beech forests thrive in the Balkan Range, and the best-preserved and most magnificent Bulgarian beech forests are in Central Balkan National Park. They make up three-fourths of the entire wooded area within the Park while representing about 7% of all beech forests in Bulgaria. In the Stara Reka, Peeshti Skali, Severen Djendem and Boatin nature reserves, beech forests occupy 1,000 hectares, and 3,000 hectares in the Steneto and Tsarichina reserves. The Park beech forests, along with those in surrounding territories, cover an aggregate 60,000 hectares, representing the largest block of uninterrupted beech forests in Europe.
The beech trees in the Park are at an average age of 135 years, and the forest range between 800 and 1,600 meters above sea level.