Central Balkan National Park is of significance to the system of protected areas, because it:
· Has the most numerous and largest (in combined area) nature reserves included within a National Park in Bulgaria;
· Is a protected area incorporating the largest (28%) proportion of strictly protected zone in Europe (not counting Scandinavia);
· Is one of the largest protected areas in Bulgaria and the Balkan Peninsula;
· Is one of four protected areas in Bulgaria with the highest significance for biodiversity conservation;
· Is a model of the modern approach towards establishing and managing protected areas;
· Is one of the major protected areas that serve as an example of Bulgaria’s fulfillment of its international commitments (the Bern and Bonn Conventions and the Biodiversity Conservation Convention);
· Serves as an example of the implementation of the Directive on Habitats of the European Union, even though Bulgaria is not yet an EU member.