About the reserve
According to the Central Balkan National Park Management plan, Road №60 The town of Kalofer - Botev Peak is with restricted access of until 10 motor vechicles per day and it is allowed only in the weekend (Saturday and Sunday) and thought the Bulgarian official rest days from the 1st of June to the 30th of September.Read more >>
The Uzunbudzak Biosphere Reserve covers a considerable part of the Strandja Mountain (over 78,400 ha). It is one of the most interesting and rich biodiversity regions in Bulgaria and Europe. Its territory is a natural transition between the vegetation, flora and fauna of Europe and Asia because of the terrestrial connection that existed until about 7,500 years ago at the site of the present-day Bosphorus Strait. The flora of the biosphere reserve is characterized by a large number of species that were widespread during the Tertiary (Tertiary relics). The wildlife is also remarkable for its great diversity of species. The populations of many of them are of global, European and national importance.Read more >>
According to the Central Balkan National Park Management plan, Road Tazha chalet - Botev Peak is with restricted access of until 10 motor vechicles per day and it is allowed only in the weekend (Saturday and Sunday) and thought the Bulgarian official rest days from the 1st of June to the 30th of September.Read more >>
The closing session of the Summer University under the UNESCO program "Man and the Biosphere" was held at the Information and Cultural Center of Troyan on the 26th of July. The event was opened with a greeting from the deputy Mayor of Troyan municipality - Bistra Cholakova.Read more >>
The fifth edition of the International initiative was opened on July 22nd in the hall of the Municipality of Karlovo with welcome notes by the deputy mayor of the Municipality of Karlovo Stoyko Karagenski, the Director of the National Nature Protection Service of the MOEW Miroslav Kalugerov, the Permanent Representation of UNESCO in Bulgaria Hristo Georgiev, Director of Central Balkan National Park Gencho Iliev, the Executive director of the Bulgarian Biodiversity Foundation Rumyana Ivanova and proff. Michael Scoullos from the Greek National Committee of Man and the Biosphere Program of UNESCO. All of them greeted the young professionals from around the world who will be studying for a week on topics related to the successful development of biosphere reserves.Read more >>
Steneto Reserve was designated on April 5, 1979. With an area of 3,578.8 hectares, it is the second largest Reserve in the Central Balkan National Park (next to Djendema). It is located near the Cherni Ossam River source, in the Troyan section of the Balkan Mountains. Part of the reserve lies on the southern slopes of the Central Balkan Ridge, comprising the localities of Ibche Dere, Kasiyat Chamlak, Djafar Dere, and Kobilin Dol. The Reserve was created specifically to preserve the pristine magnificence of the Steneto Gorge. It is also included in the UNESCO Man and Biosphere Program.
Steneto Reserve boasts the largest diversity of bird species in the Balkans and is home to some of the rarest winged creatures: the booted eagle, golden eagle, hobby, eagle owl, rock partridge, Ural owl, pygmy owl, Tengmaum’s owl, and most of the woodpecker species known in Bulgaria. The Kumanitsa and Suhata Reka River canyons provide a safe haven to mammalian species such as bear, red deer, roe, Balkan chamois, and otter.
The forests primarily contain beech (average age: 250 years) and spruce. Other tree species within the Steneto Reserve include hornbeam, fir, sycamore, and Norway maple. The Reserve is home to over 1,000 species of plants, about one-third of the entire Bulgarian fauna. Among them are some rare and endangered species: yew, savin juniper, and laurelcherry.
The karst terrain is dotted with numerous caves including Kumanitsa, one of the longest underwater caves in Bulgaria (1,656 meters), and Raichova Dupka (337 meters), the deepest precipice cave in the country.